The Symposium, Menntun til framtíðar: Háskólamenntaðir án atvinnu - vannýttur auður, was held on friday 18th of march this year. The symposium was held by the ReykjavíkAcadamy and five trade unions in Iceland.
Here you can find the symposiums programme and extracts in English.
LEADING THE YOUNG - New leadership paradigm for the "industrialization hangover".
Dr. Tuomas Auvinen, deildarforseti Síbelíusar Akademíunnar við Listaháskólann í Helsinki.
The world of work is changing. The creative class is increasingly important for the success of organizations as more and more work is being done with innovative brain power in the industrialized countries. The young generations and digital natives have changing expectations for organizations, and they expect individual leadership in exchange for their commitment. Increasingly the young professionals opt to work outside big organizations and become self-employed or join small start-ups.
The leadership models of the industrial era are becoming obsolete in this "industrialization hangover" and a new paradigm of leadership is emerging. The models previously employed in the arts sector have a lot to contribute to this change. The ways to balance freedom and control, letting visions emerge rather than dictate them, and "leading without leading" in order to fully engage employees are the way forward. This presentation explores these topics and proposes a new way of leading the creative class and the innovative young generations.
Háskólamenntaðir á vinnumarkaði.
Graduates in the labour market.
Dr. Katrín Ólafsdóttir, (lektor) Assistant professor, Business Studies Dept., Reykjavík University.
The number of university graduates has surged in the decades. It is therefore interesting to look into the benefits of university degrees. In economic studies, the benefits of university degrees are measured in connection with human resources theories. In my talk, I will discuss these theories and how investing in human resources benefits the labour market. I look into numbers of university graduates, divided by gender and age, and measure it against the number of graduates who are unemployed or outside the labour market. I also compare Iceland with other countries. Finally, I talk about new jobs andhow we can expect the labour market to react to even greater number of university graduates in the future.
Hvernig nýtist háskólamenntun á vinnumarkaði?
How does university education benefit the labour market?
Karl Sigurðsson, Vinnumálastofnun (labour market and workforce institution).
In this talk, I will discuss the interaction between education, capability and occupation. Significant changes have taken place in the labour market in the past decades where the number of university graduates has surged and the type of jobs and the sectoral structure have been subject to change. I will try and predict the situation for the next 15 years, and estimate the development of the labour market in relation to university graduates in 2030, as well as looking at the international context, especially Europe.
The unemployment of university graduates will be analysed to shed light onto the various groups in the labour market. Unemployment is only one manifestation of how education and capability are underused. Another side of the story is if university graduates are working in great numbers in jobs that do not require university education.In this context, I will look at gender, foreign workers and minorities.
15 minute lectures
Hörður Vilberg, director of communication, SA - Business Iceland.
We all agree on the importance of education in contemporary society. We don't discuss the importance of engineers, medical doctors, psychologists, lawyers, teachers, economists etc. However, debating how education should be valued in connection with wages, we ask if all education is the same. Do we have absolute measurement for education? Are all BA/BS degrees worth the same? What about MA and PhD? Does the subject matter? Is capability appreciated? Is it worth less than formal education? I will try to answer these questions as well as discussing the worth of eduation or if it would be more suitable to let the law of supply and demand rule.
Ellen Calmon, president, Organisation of Disabled in Iceland
I will discuss the labour contracts with disabled people. The contracts were kept at Tryggingastofnun (the social security institution), as well as the importance of appreciation and payment according to the disabled peoples' education.
Við borgum myndlistarmönnum.
Jóna Hlíf Halldórsdóttir, artist and president, The Association of Icelandic Visual Artists (SÍM)
The campaign "We pay the artists" started 20th of November 2015. The aim is to enhance occupation oppurtunities for visual artists and to improve their remuneration and posistion. Experienced and well educated visual artists are not being paid for their work, which is exceptional in the field of arts and culture. It is thus an appropriate requriement that visual artists are valued and appreciated in the same way as others in this field.
Pörun á vinnumarkaði, misræmi milli færnistigs vinnuafls og færniþarfar vinnumarkaðarins.
Hallveig Ólafsdóttir, economist, Fisheries Iceland.
Individuals make the decision to invest in their own education, however the risk can manifest in poor return, if the individuals do not find appropriate work. The development of industry and society are the key elements when analysing which capabilities are needed in the labour market, and to ensure that the workforce has the appropriate level of capabilities to meet the need.
Sveigjanleg vinna - fyrir hvern?
Dr. Guðbjörg Linda Rafnsdóttir, professor, Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Iceland University.
The implementation of work has changed in the last few decades, because of information technology, among other things. Staff is recruited on the grounds of projects, wages are supposed to mirror the results more than the time worked, and the job is supposed to be flexible. Young people get invited to do unpaid internship to gain coveted experience. Increased unemployment in the wake of the financial crisis in 2008 saw people agree to situations in the labour market that were previously thought to be unacceptable. A growing number of businesses works in an international environment and young people are competing in an international labour market. They who are lucky enough to get a job, experience their bargaining posistion as weak. How does this influence the university graduates in Iceland?
Framtíðarþróun á vinnumarkaði. Er atvinnuöryggi liðin tíð?
Dr. Árelía Guðmundsdóttir, docent, Business Studies Dept., Iceland University.
This talk addresses future development on the labour market. Various people predict that job security and traditional career, when a university graduate starts out working for one employer and "works his way up", is a relic of the past. University graduates can now expect to work for a number of employers, to be independent and to build their career in many more diverse ways than before.